What is an EV?

‘EV’ stands for electric vehicle – the term covers both battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and more common plug-in hybrid models (PHEVs). 

Both types are eligible for the Clean Car Discount – with a rebate of up to $8625 if you buy brand-new BEVs for your fleet. 

With low or no emissions, switching your fleet to EVs can have a serious impact on your carbon footprint.

Battery electric vehicle (BEV) – zero emissions, zero noise 

An EV that’s fully electric runs on a rechargeable battery, which powers an electric motor. This type of EV has zero tailpipe emissions, and second-hand or new models are eligible for the highest rebates under Clean Car Discount rules

BEVs are defined by what they don’t have – and don’t need:

  • No petrol, diesel or oil
  • No exhaust
  • No clutch or gears
  • No spark plugs
  • No roaring noise or vibrations

Smooth, quiet, clean

Fully electric cars have smooth acceleration, little to no noise, low running costs – and zero emissions. Your staff can be out on the road without noise, smells or harmful exhaust fumes. 

Simple engine, simple maintenance 

There are only around 20 moving parts in an electric engine, compared with nearly 2,000 in an internal combustion engine (ICE), so your EV fleet will need a lot less maintenance.  

Charge anywhere 

Plug your EVs into your own power supply and they fully recharge overnight – enough for an average day’s driving in most models. If your staff are out on the motorway or climbing a lot of hills, the batteries will deplete more quickly, but braking or travelling downhill recharges them.  

Just like a fuel gauge, the dashboard tells drivers how much battery life there is, and even better, they can see how many kilometres they have left. 

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) – more options for long-range drivers 

If your fleet tends to travel long distances, fully electric options might not be for you. That’s where the PHEV comes in – a happy marriage of petrol and electricity means your vehicles use their electric motors for local trips but have the petrol engine for extra range when it’s needed.  

Depending on the model, the petrol engine either turns the wheels or recharges batteries that power the electric motor doing the work. Either way, PHEVs help your business reduce its reliance on fossil fuels and impact on the environment. 

Smaller batteries, more maintenance  

There are some disadvantages with PHEVs, compared with fully electric vehicles. Most of these are to do with running the petrol engines. Just like your existing petrol or diesel car, the petrol engine components will need more maintenance, have engine noise, produce emissions and require the purchase of petrol.

Because they have a smaller battery than a fully electric car, PHEVs generally have less battery range so you’ll rely more on fossil fuels for longer journeys. This means you only reduce your CO2 emissions by 80% during the time the vehicles are running on their electric batteries. However, your staff can recharge batteries at any power outlet, they will still recharge when braking (regenerative braking) and town driving can be emission-free and quiet.

Conventional hybrids (HEVs) – a step in the right direction

Conventional hybrids were some of the first to enter the market, but they’re not EVs. They produce fewer emissions than petrol or diesel vehicles, but you can’t plug them in – there is no way to recharge your battery except through petrol and braking. 

Because they do produce lower emissions, from 2022 they will be included in the CCD programme, but attract lower incentives than other types of EV.  

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